Tokyo Kindai Tosho (1867-1945)
Copyright by
Chris Bowen
Tokura 1014-6
Mishima, Shizuoka 411

The following index contains the names and student/teacher
relationships of Tokyo kindai tosho.  Also included are the
names of some smiths who continued working after the war; some
are still active.  Smiths who worked predominately in the
shinshinto period are not included.  Formally organized schools
or groups are also listed.

This information is constantly being updated and expanded.
However, any future additions will undoubtedly be obscure and
rather mundane smiths whose production was either nil or of poor
quality.  If the readership should have information which
superceeds the following, or adds to it, please do me the favor
of contacting me and letting me know.

This list forms the skeleton of a book I am currently writing. 
If by chance you should have a blade by any of the following
smiths, especially the more obscure smiths, please send me
details of the blade and an oshigata.

I have tried very hard to check, cross-check, and re-check the
following information.  However, errors are bound to surface. 
Should you find any, please feel free to call me nasty names,
but in the end, let me know the error of my ways...

I. Nihon To Tanren Denshujo (“ú–{’b—û“`Kê) and the Nihon To
Gakuin (“ú–{“Šw‰@)

The Nihon To Tanren Denshujo was located in Akasaka, Hikawa-cho,
on the grounds of the estate of Kurihara Hikosaburo, who was a
member of the National Diet, as well as an amateur swordsmith. 
He had a deep interest in nihonto from an early age, and after
several attempts, finally secured enough financial backing to
open the Denshujo on July 5, Showa 8.  In Showa  16, for a
variety of reasons, the school closed and a new academy, the
Nihon To Gakuin, was opened on the grounds of the Imperial
Army's facility in Zama (Sobudai), Kanagawa Prefecture.  The
following smiths are associated with the Denshujo and/or the
Gakuin.  Full-time  smiths were all given the meiji 'Aki' (º)
by Akihide.  Several others were students of Kasama Shigetsugu,
who was the head teacher in Showa 9-10.  These students used
'Tsugu' in their mei.  The teacher-student relationship is often
indistinct at the Denshujo and at the Gakuin because often
students studied under more than one teacher.  Although it is
said that Akihide wasn't a professional swordsmith and wasn't
trained to produce swords independently from start to finish, he
made a specialty out of yaki-ire, and tempered many blades made
by others.  Out of respect, he is referred to as a 'teacher'. 
The second half of this group trained at the Nihon To Gakuin. 
Both students and student's students are listed.  (NOTE: **
denotes a part-time student):

1.  Akihide (ºG)/ Hikosaburo (•FŽO˜Y)  
     1.1.  Akitomo (º—F)
     1.2.  Akimune (º@)
     1.3.  Akifusa (º–[)
     1.4.  Akihira (º•½)/ Yukihira (s•½)
     1.5.  Akitoshi (ºŽõ)
     1.6.  Akikuni (º‘)
     1.7.  Akitsugu (ºŽŸ) / Akimasa (º¹)
     1.8.  Akiyoshi (º‰Ã)
     1.9.  Akimori (ºŽç)/ Morikuni (Žç‘)
     1.10.  Akihiro (ºL)
     1.11.  Akihisa (º‹v)
     1.12.  Akinobu (ºM)
     1.13.  Akimasa (º³)
     1.14.   Masanori («‰ž)
     1.15.  Akitoshi (ºr)
     1.16.  Akikane (ºŒ“)/ Mitsukane (ŒõŒ“)/ Munefusa (@–[)
     1.17.  Akiyasu (ºN)
     1.18.  Akizane (º^)
     1.19.  Akikiyo (º´)
     1.20.  Shigechika (de) **
     1.21.  Akinori (º‘¥)
          1.21.1.  Shigehide (dG) / Hifumi (ˆê“ñŽO)
     1.22.  Akimori (º·)/ Munetsugu (@Œp)
     1.23.  Akitsugu (ºŒp)/ Tsugukiyo (Œp´)
          1.23.1.  Akihiro (ºL)/ Tsuguhiro (ŒpL)
     1.24.  Akimitsu (ºŒõ)
          1.24.1.  Akitsugu (ºŽŸ)
     1.25.  Akisada (º’å)
     1.26.  Akitaka (ºF)
     1.27.  Akitaka (º—²)
     1.28.  Akimasa (º³)
     1.29.  Masakiyo (³´) **
          1.29.1.  Masaryu(³—¯)
          1.29.2.  Masakane (³Œ“)
          1.29.3.  Masakatsu (³Ÿ)
     1.30.  Kunitoshi (‘r) **
     1.31.  Tadayoshi (’‰‘P) **
     1.32.  Kunimitsu (‘Œõ) **
     1.33.  Masatsugu (³ŽŸ) **
          1.33.1. Tadataka (’‰F)
          1.33.2. Tadahisa (’‰‹v)
     1.34.  Yoshisaku (‘Pì) **
     1.35.  Akitoshi (º—˜)
     1.36.  Akitake (º•)
     1.37.  Akimichi (º“¹)
     1.38.  Tadashi (ƒ^ƒ_ƒV) **
     1.39.  Tosuke (“Œ•) **
     1.40.  Akifuku (º•Ÿ)
          1.40.1.  Akihisa (º‹v) /Akimasa (º³)
     1.41.  Akiyuki (ºs)
     1.42.  Akikuni (º‘)
     1.43.  Akikuni (º‘)
     1.44.  Akiyoshi (º‹g)/ Yoshikane (‹g•ï)
          1.44.1.  Akiyoshi (º‹g)
          1.44.2.  Sadatomo (’å—F)
          1.44.3.  Yoshikane (‹g•ï)
          1.44.4.  Kunimitsu (‘Œõ)
          1.44.5.  Noriyoshi (“¿‹g)
          1.44.6.  Yoshichika (‹`‹ß)
     1.45.  Akimichi (º“¹)
     1.46.  Akitomi (º•x)
     1.47.  Akimaro (º–›)
     1.48.  Akiyoshi (º—Ç)
     1.49.  Akitake (º•) / Yoshihiro (‹`O)
     1.50.  Kunitake (‘ˆÐ) **
     1.51.  Kuniyoshi(‘Œc) **
     1.52.  Morikuni (Žç‘) **
     1.53.  Kazuyuki (ˆês) **
     1.54.  Kaneshige (Œ“d) **
     1.55.  Chikahide (eG) **
     1.56.  Mitsuhiro (ŒõL) **
     1.57.  Kunimitsu (‘Œõ) **
     1.58.  Morikuni (Žç‘) **
          1.58.1.  Masamichi (³“¹)
     1.59.  Teruhide (‹PG) / (‹P“ú“V) **
     1.60.  Mitsunori (Λ܎) **
     1.61.  Masafusa (³–[) **

     1.62.  Yoshifusa (‹g–[) / Yoshihisa (‹g‹v) **

     1.63. Tsuneharu (íŽ¡) **

     1.64.  Terumasa (Æ³) **
II.  Ikkansai Ke (ˆêŠÑÖ)

The following swordsmiths are considered to be members of the
Ikkansai group.  The first 5 mainline smiths usually included
'Ikkansai' in their signatures.

1.  Shigetoshi (”ÉŽõ)

     1.1.  Masatoshi (³Žõ) / Masafusa (³–[)

          1.1.1. Motohiro (ŠîL)

       Masamoto (³Šî)

          1.1.2.  Shigetsugu (”ÉŒp) / Masateru (³‹P)
       Toshihiro (ŽõL) / Yasuhiro (–õL) /
Kunimori (‘Œì)

            Tsunatoshi (PŽõ) / Toshimune
            Uju (‰FŽõ)
            Kamikuni (_‘)
            Chikafusa (e–[)
            Mitsuhiro (ŒõL)
            ? (—эK‘¾˜Y)
            Masatoshi (³Žõ) / Hiromoto
            Mitsuyasu (Œõ•Û) **
       Shigemasa (”ɐ³) / (”ɐ­)
            Masayuki (­K)
            Masatsune (³P)

            Ichibun (ˆê•¶)
       Masataka (³‘¸) / Noriaki (“¿Œ°)
       Okimasa (‹N³)
            Masaaki (³˜a)

            Kiyoaki (´˜a)
            Masasumi (³Ÿ)
            Yoshiaki (Šìº) / Masamitsu
            Masatoshi (³Žõ) /
Hiromoto (LŒ³)
****The following students studied under Kasama Shigetsugu at
the Denshujo.  Also listed are these student's students:

       Kuniiye (‘‰Æ)
            Masasane (³^)
           Kuninobu (‘“W) 
            Kuniyasu (‘ˆÀ)/ Kunitoshi
            Yoshimitsu (‹gŒõ)
            Shoji (‘‘“ñ) / Kuniiye (‘‰Æ)
            Yoshindo (‹`l)
       Akitomo (º—F)
            Tomomaro (—F–›)
                 Sukefusa (•–[)
            Tomohide (—FG) / Sukehide
            Sadatomo (’å—F)
            Mitsuyasu (Œõ•Û) **

       Akimune (º@)
            Munetsugu (@ŽŸ)
       Akihisa (º‹v)
       Akifusa (º–[)
       Munetsugu (@Œp)/ Akimori (º·)
       Tsugukiyo (Œp´)/ Akitsugu (ºŒp)
            Tsuguhiro (ŒpO)
       Munetoshi (@—˜)/ Munehide (@G) 
                             Hidemune (G@)

        Tsuguyasu (ŒpN)
       Tsuguyoshi (Œp‹`)
       Kanetsugu (Œ“Œp)
       Tsugunobu (Œp‰„)/ Kaneharu (Œ“t)
       Tsugumasa (Œp­)
       Teruhide (‹PG)
            Teruyoshi (‹P‹g) / Teruhide
(‹P“ú“V)                      (TeruhideÕs younger brother)

                 Teruiye (‹P‰Æ)

            Terukatsu (‹PŸ)
            Yoshiteru (‹`‹P)
            Terumitsu (‹PŒõ)

III.  Nihon To Tanren Kai (“ú–{“’b˜B‰ï)

These are the smiths who worked at the Yasukuni Shrine, and
their students.  The Nihonto Tanrenkai opened on the grounds of
the Yasukuni Shrine, in Kudanshita, Tokyo, in Showa 8.  Under
the sponsorship of the Imperial Army, smiths produced swords for
graduates of the Army's Officer's Academy.  The army conferred
the kanji 'Yasu', from the shrine, on the smiths upon
commencement of production.  Some 8000 swords were produced by
this group during the period from Showa 8-20.

1. Yasuhiro (–õL)
     1.1.  Shigemasa (”ɐ³)/ Shigemasa (”ɐ­)
2.  Yasunori (–õ“¿) / Ujimasa (Ž³)/ Takenori (•“¿)/ Masamune
     2.1.  Yasunori (–õŒ›)/ Takenori (•Œ›)
          2.1.1.  Yasuharu (–õt) / Yasuyoshi (–õ‹g)
          2.1.2. Masatada (³’‰) / Michimasa (“¹³)
          2.1.3. Masataka (³F) / Morimitsu (XŒõ) / Masamitsu
     2.2.  Yasutoshi (–õ—˜)
     2.3.  Yasuoki (–õ‹») / Yasuoki (–õ“T)
3.  Yasumitsu (–õŒõ)/ Kazumitsu (ˆêŒõ)
     3.1.  Yasunobu (–õ‰„)
          3.1.1.  Suketoshi (•Žõ) / Toshimitsu (ŽõŒõ)
     3.2.  Yasushige (ЛӃ)
     3.3.  Yasutake (–õ•)
          3.3.1.  Tsunamitsu (PŒõ)
     3.4.  Yasuaki (–õ—v)

IV.  The Tokiwamatsu Tanren Kenkyu Jo (“}”Տ¼’b—ûŒ¤‹†ê)

This forge was located on the estate of ultranationalist Toyama
Mitsuru.  Smiths who made swords here part-time include the

1.  Shigetsugu (”ÉŒp)

2.  Akihiro (ºL)

3.  Toshihiro (ŽõL)

4.  Okimasa (‹N³)
V.  Hanazawa Tanren Jo (‰H‘ò’b—ûê) and the Horii (–xˆä) Group

The Hanazawa Tanrenjo was opened in the late Meiji period and
operated until the late Taisho period.  The following list
includes smiths from the Hanazawa Tanrenjo and their students:

1.  Horii Taneyoshi (ˆû‹g) / Yoshiaki (‹g•¶)
     1.1.  Horii Taneaki (ˆû–¾)
          1.1.1.  Horii Toshihide (rG) / Kaneaki (Œ“–¾) /
Hideaki (G–¾)
          1.1.2.  Kurihara Akihide (ºG)
          1.1.3.  Masakuni (^‘) / Nobuaki (M–¾)
       Masayoshi (³‹`) / Sukeyasu (—SN)
        Sukehiro (—SO) / Sukemitsu (—SŒõ)
            Suketsune (—SP) / Sukekuni
        Kuniyoshi (‘–F)
       ? (“¡“cŒÜŽO˜Y)

          1.1.4.   Sukekuni (—S‘) / Toshiaki (Žõ–¾)
       Tsuneyasu (PN)
            Suketsune (—SP) / Sukekuni
      ? (’r“cH‹g)

          1.1.5.  Kanekuni (Œ“‘) / Yoshiaki (—Ç–¾)
       Kanekuni (Œ“‘) / Masahira (^•½)
            Kanekuni (Œ“‘)
       Kuniaki (‘–¾)
          1.1.6.   Muneaki (@–¾)
          1.1.7.   Yasuaki (•Û–¾)
          1.1.8.   Masatada (³’‰)
     1.2.  Tanekatsu (ˆûŸ)
     1.3.  Tanetsugu (ˆûŽŸ)
     1.4.  Yoshisumi (‹gŸ)
2.  Ukoh (‰HŽH) (amateur)

VI.  The Okura Tanrenjo (¬‘q’b—ûŠ)

The following smiths produced swords at the Okura Tanrenjo,
which was located on the grounds of the estate of the Baron

     1.  Kunimori (‘Œì) / Toshihiro (ŽõL) / Yasuhiro (–õL)

          1.1.  Masatoshi (³Žõ) / Hiromoto (LŒ³)

     2.  Shigemasa (”ɐ³)

     3.  Akinori (º‘¥)
VII.  The Hayama Enshin Ke (‰HŽR‰~S‰Æ)

The following smiths were members of the Hayama group in Tokyo:

     1.  Jounsai Hayama Enshin (ò‰_Ö‰HŽR‰~^) / Masahiro
          1.1.  Hayama Enshin (‰HŽR‰~S) / Masahiro (³Š°)
          1.2.  Hayama Masasane (‰HŽR³^)
          1.3.  Masahiro (³Š°) 

          1.4. Hiromasa (Š°Ô)

          1.5.  Taizo (‘Α )

          1.6.  Masafusa (³–[) **
VIII.  The Sakurai Ke (÷ˆä‰Æ)

The following smiths were members of the Tokyo Sakurai group:

     1. Sakurai Masatsugu (÷ˆä³ŽŸ)
          1.1.  Masayuki (³K)/Masatsuna (³j)
          1.2.  Masayo (³¢)
          1.3.  Torasaku (ŒÕì)
          1.4.  Masamichi (³“¹)
          1.5.  Maiko (•‘Žq) / Shigesuke (âf•) / Hidemaru
(“úoŠÛ) (amateur)

IX.  Kanenori Ke (•ï‘¥‰Æ) 

The following smiths belong to the Minamoto Kanenori group:

     1.  Kanenori (•ï‘¥) / Toshiie (Žõ‰Æ)
          1.1.  Kanesada (•ï’å)
          1.2.  Kaneharu (•ïŽ¡)
          1.3.  Kanemitsu (•ïŒõ)
          1.4.  Morioka Masayoshi (X‰ª³‹g)

X.  Tsuchino Ke (“y–ì‰Æ)

The following smiths are members of the Tsuchino group in
Saitama Prefecture:

     1.  Naotaka (’¼F)
     2.  Naohiro (’¼O)
          2.1.  Naohiro (’¼O)
          2.2.  Naohiro(’¼O)
               2.2.1.  Naohiro (’¼O)
          2.3.  Masayuki (³K)
               2.3.1.  Akinobu (ºM) **
               (MasayukiÕs son-in-law)

          2.4.  Masayoshi (¹Šì)        

XI.  Yoshichika Ke (—Ç‹ß)

The following smiths are members of the Yoshichika group:

     1.  Yoshichika (—Ç‹ß)

          1.1.  Nidai Yoshichika (—Ç‹ß)

          1.2.  Sukeyuki (‰î”V)

          1.3.  Kiyonosuke (_”V•)
          1.4.  Yoshiharu (‹`Ž¡)

XII.  Koishikawa Hohei Kojo (¬Îì–C•ºHŠ)

These smiths worked in the Imperial Army's arsenal factory in
Koishikawa.  Sometimes the blades have a kokuin composed of
three interlocking circles.

     1.  Morioka Masayoshi (³‹g)

     2.  Nidai Yokoyama Sukekane (—S•ï) 

          2.1.  Sukekazu (—Sˆê)

     3.  Mitsuhira (Œõ•½)

     4.  Kanehira (Œ“•½)/  Nihei (m•½) (kodai Inaba
Kanesaki-brother of                Mitsuhira?)

     5.  Tsuneyoshi (Œo–F) (Murata blade inventor)

XIII.  Tokyo Dai Ichi Rikugun Zoheisho (“Œ‹ž‘æˆê—¤ŒR‘¢•º±)

These smiths made swords at the Imperial Army's arsenal factory
in Akabane, Tokyo (1943-45).  These swords are usually inscribed
'Tokyo Dai Ichi Rikugun Zoheisho'.  Others may have also worked
here on a part-time basis.

     1.  Nobutaka (éˆÐ) 

     2.  Kanemasa (Œ“³)

     3.  Katsunobu (ŸM)

     4.  Morikuni (Žç‘)

XIV.  Other

The following smiths include:
1.  Those working in the late Bakumatsu period on into the Meiji
2.  Smiths not formally affiliated with any of the above groups
who nonetheless made swords in Tokyo.
3. Smiths which have not yet been proven to be connected with
any of the above groups.

Akimi (º”ü) (Denshujo?)
Akitaka (º‚) (Denshujo?)
Akiyuki (º’Ê) (Denshujo?)
Genji (Œ¹ŽŸ)
Hisahiro (‹vO)
Hidetoshi (Gr)
Hidemori (‰pŽç) 
Hirotsugu (LŽŸ)/ Hirotsugu (Š°ŽŸ) ( SokanÕs son )
Hironaga (Š°’·) (Enshin ?)
Hisayoshi (‹v‹`)
Ishinsai (ˆêSÖ)
Kiyokane (´Œ“) (Denshujo?)
Kunihide (‘G) ((kodai Tsunatoshi)
Kunimitsu (‘Œõ)
Kunimune (‘@)
Kunihiro (‘”Ž) 
Kunitada (‘’‰)
Kunitaka (‘—²)
Korehide (¥G) (kodai Tsunatoshi)
Korekazu (¥ˆê) (kodai Korekazu)
Kunimasa (‘˜a)
Masatada (³Žü) ( Suzuki MasaoÕs group)
Masanori (³‘¥) (Joukeishi MasaakiÕs student)
Masakazu (³ˆê)
Masanobu (³—^)/Masataka (­Œ«)
Masayoshi (­‘P)
Masatsuna (¹j) 
Masasuke (³•)
Mitsukazu (Œõˆê)
Miyotaro  (ŽO‘㑾˜Y) 
Morikuni (·‘) 
Morimichi (Žç“¹)
Moritoshi (·r) ( Kurihara NobuhideÕs student) 
Morotaka (ŽtŒh)
Muneshige (@d) 
Nanta (“푾)
Nankoku (“썑)
Naokatsu (’¼Ÿ)/ Naomune (’¼—È) (Sandai Naokatsu; Naomune is
early mei)
Naohide (’¼G) (NaokatsuÕs student; Naotane group)
Naohiro (’¼L) 
Naotake (®•)
Noriyuki (‘¥s)
Saneoki (^‹»)
Saneyoshi (^‹`) (Kato Ichitaro (‰Á“¡ˆê‘¾˜Y); Hanazawa
Sanezumi (^Ÿ)
Senshu (åãT)
Shizukuni (’Á‘) 
Sukenobu (—SM) 
Tadakazu (’‰˜a)
Takaoki (‚‹»)
Takeshi (•)
Tokiyoshi (Žž‹g)
Tsuguesuke (Œp‚¦•)
Ujiyori (Ž”’)
Yasufusa (N–[)
Yasushige (Nd) (12th generation Shitahara)
Yasumoto (NŒ³)
Yoshisaburo (—^ŽO˜Y)
Yoshihiro (‹`L)
Yoshisada (‹`’è)
Youichiro (‹»ˆê˜Y)
Yoshitame (‹`ˆ×)